Maryam Mirzakhani (Persian: مریم میرزاخانی)
12 May 1977 – 14 July 2017) was an Iranian mathematician and a professor of mathematics at Stanford University.
Her research topics included Teichmüller theory, hyperbolic geometry, ergodic theory, and symplectic geometry.
On 13 August 2014, Mirzakhani was honoured with the Fields Medal, the most prestigious award in mathematics. Thus, she became both the first woman and the first Iranian to be honoured with the award.
The award committee cited her work in “the dynamics and geometry of Riemann surfaces and their moduli spaces”.
On 14 July 2017, Mirzakhani died of breast cancer at the age of 40.
Awards and honours:
Gold medal. International Mathematical Olympiad (Hong Kong 1994)
Gold medal. International Mathematical Olympiad (Canada 1995)
IPM Fellowship, Tehran, Iran, 1995–1999
Merit fellowship Harvard University, 2003
Harvard Junior Fellowship Harvard University, 2003
Clay Mathematics Institute Research Fellow 2004
AMS Blumenthal Award 2009
Invited to talk at the International Congress of Mathematicians in 2010, on the topic of “Topology and Dynamical Systems & ODE”
The 2013 AMS Ruth Lyttle Satter Prize in Mathematics. “Presented every two years by the American Mathematical Society, the Satter Prize recognises an outstanding contribution to mathematics research by a woman in the preceding six years. The prize was awarded on 10 January 2013, at the Joint Mathematics Meetings in San Diego.”
Simons Investigator Award 2013
Named one of Nature magazine’s ten “people who mattered” of 2014
Clay Research Award 2014
Plenary speaker at the International Congress of Mathematicians (ICM 2014)
Fields Medal 2014
Elected foreign associate to the French Academy of Sciences in 2015
Elected to the American Philosophical Society in 2015
National Academy of Sciences 2016
Elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2017
Asteroid 321357 Mirzakhani was named in her memory. The official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center(M.P.C. 108698).